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Potassium iodide CAS:7681-11-0

Potassium iodide (KI) is an inorganic compound that consists of potassium cations (K+) and iodide anions (I-). It is a white, crystalline solid that is highly soluble in water. Potassium iodide has various uses and applications due to its properties.

One of the main uses of potassium iodide is in medicine. It is commonly used as a supplement to treat and prevent iodine deficiency-related conditions, such as goiter, thyroid hormone imbalance, and certain types of thyroid cancer. It can also be used as an emergency treatment for radiation exposure, as it helps to block the uptake of radioactive iodine by the thyroid gland.

Potassium iodide also has applications in laboratory settings. It is used as a reagent in analytical chemistry to detect the presence of certain elements, such as lead and mercury, through the formation of insoluble yellow precipitates. Additionally, it can be used as a source of iodide ions in various chemical reactions.

In the culinary field, potassium iodide is sometimes added to table salt (iodized salt) as a means to prevent iodine deficiency in populations. Iodized salt is consumed by many individuals worldwide as a dietary source of iodine.


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Application and Effect

Iodine supplementation: Potassium iodide is commonly used as a dietary supplement to provide the body with iodine, which is an essential nutrient necessary for the proper functioning of the thyroid gland. It helps in the production of thyroid hormones, which regulate metabolism, growth, and development.

Radiation protection: Potassium iodide is used as an emergency treatment for radiation exposure. In case of a nuclear accident or attack, taking potassium iodide can help protect the thyroid gland from absorbing radioactive iodine by saturating it with stable iodine. This can help prevent thyroid cancer and other radiation-related thyroid disorders.

Laboratory applications: Potassium iodide is used as a reagent in various chemical reactions and analytical methods. It can be used to test for the presence of certain elements, such as the detection of lead (Pb) ions by forming a bright yellow precipitate. It is also employed as a source of iodide ions in redox reactions and complex formations.

Iodized salt production: Potassium iodide is utilized in the production of iodized salt, which is a widely used type of salt fortified with iodine. Iodized salt helps prevent iodine deficiency, a significant public health concern in regions where iodine-rich foods are not readily available. Regular consumption of iodized salt helps ensure adequate iodine intake and prevent iodine deficiency disorders.

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Additional Information:

Composition KI
Assay 99%
Appearance white powder
CAS No. 7681-11-0
Packing Small and bulk
Shelf Life 2 years
Storage Store in cool and dry area
Certification ISO.


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